Pompeii – The Last Day / pompeii-the-last-day.pdf / PDF4PRO (2023)

1 On 24 August AD79, the magnificent Romancities of Pompeii and nearby Herculaneumcame to a devastating end. In just 18 hours, theentire city of Pompeii and all its inhabitantswere buried in volcanic twin cities lay undisturbed under metresof volcanic debris for more than 1,500 years,during which time all memory of them seal of wet ashes preserved publicstructures, temples, theatres, baths, shops and private dwellings, as well as the remains of some of the victims, including gladiators,soldiers, slaves and their masters, and entire The Last Daytells the heart-rendingstory of the last hours of both Pompeii story is told first-hand bythose who witnessed the disaster. Based on archaeological evidence and the writings ofPliny the Younger, the film utilises dramareconstruction and state-of-the-art specialeffects to take viewers back in narrative takes viewers through the mainstages of the terrifying eruption of to popular belief, the eruptionoccurred over 18 hours.

2 From the firstrumblings, to the start of the main eruption at1pm on 24 August AD79, the inhabitants ofPompeii had to endure endless hours ofchoking pumice rain, falling debris andsustained poisonous gas emissions, until their fate was dramatically to on the morning of 25 August a large volcanic surge overran thecity of Pompeii , burying all in its path. Escapewas pointless, as those who had fled the citywere caught by the sixth deadly surge at last surge brought complete darkness, day turned to night, leading the scribe Pliny theYounger to believe the whole world was dying and me with it . vesuvius hadn t erupted for almost 1,800 years and the inhabitants of Pompeii andHerculaneum would have been ignorant of 16 Colosseum Rome s Arena Of DeathPompeii The Last DayPompeii The Last DayPompeii The Last DayStephanus (Jonathan Firth) One of the many death casts found at Pompeiithe danger of living in its noword in Latin for volcano, they might havethought the eruption was a message from The Last Dayis their story.

3 Our film offers viewers a unique opportunityto learn about the worst natural disaster tostrike the ancient world from the perspectiveof the people caught up in it, says producer Ailsa Orr. It also allows you to witness theterrifying behaviour of a volcano from as closeas you re ever going to want to! 17 Colosseum Rome s Arena Of DeathPompeii The Last DayPompeii The Last DayThe volcanic surge reaches Pompeii as Stephanus remains defiantJulius Polybius Julius is the very successful son of a freedimperial slave. He owns bakeries in Pompeiiand has strong political ambitions. As the crisisdeepens, he finds true humanity; he frees hisslaves and chooses a noble death beside hiswife and heavily pregnant daughter, whocannot flee the torrent of pumice based upon:Written accounts and askeleton found in the Polybius Stephanus is a very handsome but extremelyarrogant man. A fuller (cloth worker) by trade,he is an odious social climber.

4 His immensegreed leads to his downfall when he choosesto stay and face the horrors of vesuvius ratherthan lose his ill-gotten based upon:Written records and a skeleton found at the gates of is the timid and sensitive young wife of Stephanus. As the crisis deepens,Fortunata discovers new fortitude. Sheattempts to flee from the torrents of pumice rain and choking ash and finds 18 Colosseum Rome s Arena Of DeathPompeii The Last DayPompeii The Last DayThe main charactersStephanus (Jonathan Firth) with Hedore (Inika Leigh Wright) solace with the gladiator Celadus and his dying based upon: Skeleton of a rich youngwoman found in the Gladiator gladiator of renown, Celadus is handsome,charismatic and charming. He would rathertake his chances and flee, than die like a rat,choking on poisonous gas and ash, but chooses to stay with his mortally injuredfriend and based upon: Skeleton of a gladiatorfound in the The Younger (Gaius Plinius Cecilius Secundus)Pliny the Younger is a teenage follower of Stoicphilosophy, the adopted son of his uncle, Plinythe Elder.

5 He declines to go on a rescuemission across the Bay of Naples, but findsinner strength as the crisis the Younger was born in Como, northernItaly, on 24 August in AD61. He lost his fatherat the age of eight and was adopted by hisuncle, Pliny the the Younger was obsessed with writingand wrote in great detail about his everydaylife and the characters that surrounded account of AD79 remains the bestexplanation of the events surrounding thecatastrophic eruption of vesuvius . From hiswork, scholars have deduced that he was oneof the most truthful and thoughtful writers of his a letter to his friend, Cornelius Tacitus, Plinythe Younger wrote of the death of his uncle,Pliny the Elder, as he led the rescue mission to Pompeii : My uncle decided to go down to the shoreand investigate on the spot for the possibilityof any escape by sea, but he found the waveswild and dangerous. A sheet was spread on theground for him to lie down, and he repeatedlyasked for water to drink.

6 Then the flames and the smell of sulphur gavewarning of the approaching fire drove othersto take flight and roused him to stand up. Hestood leaning on two slaves and then suddenlycollapsed. I imagine because the dense fumeschoked his breathing by blocking his windpipe,which was constitutionally weak and narrowand often daylight returned onthe 26th two days after the last day he hadbeen seen his body was found intact anduninjured, still fully clothed and looking morelike sleep than death. Character based upon:The real-life personalitywho recorded the events of Rome s Arena Of DeathPompeii The Last DayPompeii The Last DayPliny The Elder (Gaius Plinus Secundus)Pliny the Elder is the Admiral of the Romanfleet stationed across The Bay of Naples atMisenum. He is in charge of the rescue missionand is a well-thought-of academic and in AD24, also in Como, northern Italy,Pliny the Elder was a remarkable man.

7 Aprolific scholar, whose biggest work,NaturalisHistoria(The Natural Histories an ancientencyclopaedia of natural phenomena),encompassed an incredible 37 from the writings of Pliny the Youngerthat Pliny the Elder was a man of great powersof mental concentration, who could managewith very little sleep. Instead of walking aroundthe city, he would be carried so he couldspend the extra time in an important place in the hierarchy of the Roman Empire, Pliny the Elder was a lawyer who also served as a Calvary officerthroughout Europe. He died in his attempt to lead a rescue mission to the stricken city of based upon:The real-life personalitywho died leading a rescue mission to Rome s Arena Of DeathPompeii The Last DayPompeii The Last DayPliny the Elder, played by Tim Pigott-Smith The inhabitants of Pompeii did not know thatVesuvius was a volcano it hadn t erupted inalmost 1,800 years. So much so, there is noword in Latin for volcano.

8 The longer a volcano sleeps, the more deadlythe were signs that Vesuviuswas beginning to stir earthquakes, groundrising up, underground springs drying up butthe people didn t know how to read thesesigns or understand what they meant. A reservoir of boiling magma some 3km widehad formed beneath vesuvius , trapped inside bya plug of old magma. A chemical reactioninvolving water and gases finally shattered thelava plug and vesuvius roared back to life. The eruption of AD79 was very unusual,without lava or other characteristics normallyassociated with volcanoes. It was a Plinianeruption the most dangerous and fearedkind of all involving superheated gas, magmaand ash that form a giant towering columnthat builds up into the magma coolsand falls to the earth as in this way approximately every 2,000 years. Mixed in with the pumice stones were lithics cold, dense rocks torn from inside thevolcano and carried up into the atmosphereonly to fall back to earth as deadly missilestravelling at speeds reaching 180kph.

9 At the peak of the eruption, a staggering100,000 tons of magma, ash and gas wasreleased from the volcano every second,travelling upwards at the speed of a jet planeto reach 33km in height that s times theheight of Everest. The eruption took just under 24 hours fromstart to end. Had the eruption taken place on any otherday, the people of Pompeii might have stood abetter chance of escape. Usually, the wind blewin a south-westerly direction, which wouldhave blown the column out over the Bay ofNaples. But, on that fateful day, the wind wasblowing in a north-westerly direction straight over Pompeii . vesuvius ejected more than four cubic km ofmaterial over Campagnia that day. Ash fall wastraced as far away as Africa. The seaside resort of Herculaneum wasburied under 25m of pyroclastic material,extending the coastline by some 450m. vesuvius emitted enough ash to fill a cube miles on each side. Pompeii was first uncovered in 1594,although archaeological excavations only beganin 1748 and have been continued since then.

10 Amassive area has now been excavated;however, even today, more than a quarter ofPompeii still awaits Rome s Arena Of DeathPompeii The Last DayPompeii The Last DayFascinating facts I d already done a lot of the historical andscientific research before I visited Pompeii forthe first time on a filming recce last year, saysproducer, Ailsa Orr. But it was only when Ifirst saw the casts of victims that the fullhorror of what took place in Pompeii reallyhammered were ordinary people men, women, children, babies who got upas usual one morning and, hours later, they haddied in the most traumatic and devastatingway. It really compelled us to want to tell thestory of what happened to them particularlyfrom their perspectives. The BBC team first had to piece together the evidence of who these people were, howthey spent their final hours and why they hadchosen to stay in Pompeii rather than fleewhen the eruption began; clues came from the victims themselves.

FAQs

Where can I watch Pompeii last day? ›

You are able to stream Pompeii: The Last Day by renting or purchasing on Vudu.

What destroyed Pompeii in 79 AD? ›

The infamous A.D. 79 eruption of Mount Vesuvius obliterated the surrounding landscape as well as residents of the Roman metropolises that stood in the volcano's shadow.

What happened on this day August 24 in the city of Pompeii in the year 79 AD? ›

On August 24, after centuries of dormancy, Mount Vesuvius erupts in southern Italy, devastating the prosperous Roman cities of Pompeii and Herculaneum and killing thousands. The cities, buried under a thick layer of volcanic material and mud, were never rebuilt and largely forgotten in the course of history.

How many bodies are in Pompeii? ›

It is a completely preserved ancient city, with buildings, artefacts, and human bodies found in the wreckage. Archaeologists have unearthed 1,150 bodies out of 2,000 in Pompeii's wreckage, showing the past lives and final moments of Vesuvius's victims.

Is Pompeii movie on Netflix? ›

In the days leading up to the eruption of Mount Vesuvius, a slave being sent to Naples is determined to get back home to save the woman he loves. Watch all you want.

Is Pompeii on Tubi? ›

Watch Pompeii - Free TV Series | Tubi.

How did people survive Pompeii? ›

Ash layers revealed that not all Pompeii residents were killed by the devastating wave of gas and rock. "We found victims several centimeters above the basal ash layers related to this current. Some residents walked outdoors and survived until the second pyroclastic current," Scarpati said.

Is Pompeii a true story? ›

Mount Vesuvius erupted again in 1631, killing at least 3,000 people, and today, more than a million people live in the vicinity of the volcano. Although the movie is fictional, it humanizes the disaster in a way that historical accounts don't, Yeomans said.

How old is Pompeii? ›

Pompeii, unlike the other towns in Campania founded for the most part by Greek colonists, was built by the Oscans, probably around the 9-8th century B.C., even if the evidence now available does not go back beyond the 6th century. The town developed on lava terracing formed many centuries earlier.

Who was affected in Pompeii? ›

About 2,000 Pompeiians died in the city, but the eruption in total killed up to 16,000 people in Pompeii, Herculaneum and other towns and villages in the region.

Did Pompeii have any survivors? ›

That's because between 15,000 and 20,000 people lived in Pompeii and Herculaneum, and the majority of them survived Vesuvius' catastrophic eruption. One of the survivors, a man named Cornelius Fuscus later died in what the Romans called Asia (what is now Romania) on a military campaign.

How fast did Pompeii happen? ›

A giant cloud of ash and gases released by Vesuvius in 79 AD took about 15 minutes to kill the inhabitants of Pompeii, research suggests.

What did Pompeii people look like? ›

Typical features of Pompeii people were of the Mediterranean complexion, with tanned skin, dark eyes, and even darker hair. However, around 30% of the entire population of Pompeii were slaves, who varied in complexion due as they were thought to be from a wide range of countries.

How deep is Pompeii buried? ›

Thus Pompeii remained buried under a layer of pumice stones and ash 19 to 23 feet (6 to 7 metres) deep. The city's sudden burial served to protect it for the next 17 centuries from vandalism, looting, and the destructive effects of climate and weather.

Why was Pompeii called Sin city? ›

It was a city enlivened by violent passions and endowed with a flair that was in a class of its own . The power games, sexual appetites , unrestrained ambition and creative genius could be felt in the streets, breathed in the temples and admired in the frescoes that survived the tragic eruption of 79 AD.

Does Milo survive in Pompeii? ›

Working together, Milo and Atticus survive the battle; Atticus realizes the Romans will never honor his freedom. During the battle, Corvus forces Cassia to agree to marry him by threatening to have her family killed for supposed treason against the Emperor.

Is Pompeii a good movie? ›

Let's start with the positive: the movie looks great, the visuals and effects really work. Little else does, though. The cast acts wooden, the story is predictable and boring, borrowing many elements from Gladiator and the end is cheesy as hell. Overall a real waste of time.

Is Tubi TV legal? ›

Is Tubi legal? Yes! Tubi is a legal (and free) video streaming application. To keep our service legal and free, we include ads, which monetize the content that our partners, such as MGM, Lionsgate, and Paramount, provide to us!

Is Tubi no longer free? ›

These days, there's a streaming service for practically everything. They're not cheap, though, and it seems like the major streamers announce price hikes every few months. That's what makes one option particularly compelling: Tubi TV is free.

Is Tubi gone? ›

Tubi is an American over-the-top content platform and ad-supported streaming service owned by Fox Corporation. The service was launched on April 1, 2014, and is based in Los Angeles, California. In January 2021, Tubi reached 33 million monthly active users.
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Tubi.
Type of businessDivision
Current statusActive
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How long did people live in Pompeii? ›

Average life expectancy during Roman age was 35 years, more than the previous and the following period. Romans could not know that the most important discovery for human health was hygiene. Today we cannot understand why they passed from hot water to cold water.

How quickly was Pompeii destroyed? ›

Mount Vesuvius destroyed the city of Pompeii in two days (approximately 25 hours), quickly burying the city in volcanic ash, well preserving that brutal moment as a snapshot of life in a Roman city.

Why did people not escape Pompeii? ›

People who tried to flee it fell in the streets, unable to breathe. Then the main body arrived, powerful enough to tear through walls still standing after the roof collapses. Lower floors in Pompeii were protected by their pumice tomb, but above them, walls athwart the flow were bulldozed, surviving roofs ripped off.

Who killed Pompeii? ›

Most of the Roman occupants of Herculaneum were doomed the moment Mount Vesuvius erupted in 79 C.E. Within hours, a cloud of hot volcanic ash swept down the side of the famous Italian volcano, raced over the countryside, and smothered the town, along with nearby Pompeii. Hundreds died.

How many died at Pompeii? ›

They also unearthed the hidden lives of its deceased inhabitants! When Mount Vesuvius erupted in 79 AD, the devastation it caused was unprecedented. Around 2,000 people died in Pompeii and 300 are known to have died in Herculaneum, however, the entire death toll could have been around 16,000.

Did Pompeii people turn to stone? ›

People Into Stone - Pompeii. volcanic eruption of the Mount Vesuvius volcano.

Who was the king of Pompeii? ›

The emperor Nero and his wife Poppaea Sabina, a Pompeii native, supported efforts for reconstruction, which were sadly never completed. After a series of earthquakes following 62 AD, Pompeii was ultimately destroyed by the 79 AD eruption of Mount Vesuvius. 1.

Who ruled Pompeii? ›

Pompeii was founded in the 8th century bc, and ruled by Greeks, Etruscans and others before conquered by Rome in 89 bc.

Who owns Pompeii? ›

Setting the trend in the late 80's, well before the “Fast Casual” boom, Ralph Davino had a vision when he decided to expand the family business from just a small bakery specializing in bread and limited pans of pizza to the quick service Italian Restaurant it is today.

What is the most interesting thing found in Pompeii? ›

Food. Food remnants are one of the most unique findings in Pompeii. They helped tell us what types of food these citizens ate, a really useful insight into how the Romans lived.

What are 3 things they found in Pompeii? ›

Crystals, amber, amethyst, phallic amulets, glass beads, figurines, and a miniature human skull were among the many artifacts archaeologists uncovered from an excavation site at Pompeii recently. The objects were probably left behind by someone fleeing the famous volcanic eruption in 79 AD—possibly even a sorceress.

How long was Pompeii buried? ›

Smothered under volcanic ash and rocks from the eruption of Mount Vesuvius, the ancient city of Pompeii in modern-day Italy lay buried for more than 1,500 years before it was discovered and excavations began.

Did Pompeii erupt at night? ›

Around 1:00 p.m., Mount Vesuvius erupted violently, spewing up a high-altitude column from which ash and pumice began to fall, blanketing the area. Rescues and escapes occurred during this time. At some time in the night or early the next day, pyroclastic flows in the close vicinity of the volcano began.

What is the meaning of Pompeii? ›

Pompeii in British English

(pɒmˈpeɪiː ) noun. an ancient city in Italy, southeast of Naples: buried by an eruption of Vesuvius (79 ad); excavation of the site, which is extremely well preserved, began in 1748. Collins English Dictionary.

What is left of Pompeii today? ›

The remains of the city still exist in Bay of Naples in modern day Italy. Where now, more than 3 million people are living in just around 10 km radius of Mount Vesuvius, which is still regarded as an active volcano.

What is inside the Pompeii bodies? ›

As Pompeii was buried under 8 to 9 feet of material, bodies were encased in layers of hardened pumice and ash. Fiorelli's team found that their decayed corpses left voids. They poured plaster into the cavities, creating plaster casts of the impression in the ash.

Is there a kissing couple in Pompeii? ›

Two figures were discovered in the volcanic wreckage of Pompeii, positioned such that one's head rests on the other's chest. Thought to be women, they've come to be known as 'The Two Maidens. ' But recent archaeological efforts have revealed the two figures are actually men.

How hot is lava? ›

Here are some temperatures recorded at different times and locations: The eruption temperature of Kīlauea lava is about 1,170 degrees Celsius (2,140 degrees Fahrenheit). The temperature of the lava in the tubes is about 1,250 degrees Celsius (2,200 degrees Fahrenheit).

Was Pompeii underwater? ›

Nearly 2,000 years ago, the city was an escape for Rome's rich and powerful elite, a place where they were free of the social restrictions of Roman society. But then the city sank into the ocean, to be forgotten in the annals of history.

Did Pompeii fast food? ›

The thermopolium, or fast food restaurant, of Regio V in Pompeii. Photo courtesy of Archaeological Park of Pompeii. Archaeologists studying the Roman city of Pompeii recently discovered a thermopolium—a kind of ancient fast food restaurant—and it is now open to the public.

Was Pompeii rich or poor? ›

The area around Pompeii became very prosperous due to the desirability of living on the Bay of Naples for wealthy Romans and due to the rich agricultural land. Many farms and villas were built nearby, outside the city and many have been excavated.

What did Pompeii slaves wear? ›

The simple tunic was the clothing of choice worn by slaves and their owners alike. Only the toga was reserved for Roman citizens; however, many did not wear it, Petersen said, because the long length of material was cumbersome and difficult to keep clean.

What food was found in Pompeii? ›

Findings revealed foods that would have been inexpensive and widely available, were things such as grains, fruits, nuts, olives, lentils, local fish and chicken eggs, as well as minimal cuts of more expensive meat and salted fish from Spain.

How many survived Pompeii? ›

One survivor who we have a record of was Cornelius Fuscus, who later died in a military campaign. In an inscription following his name, it states that he was from the colony of Pompeii, then he lived in Naples and then he joined the army.

Can you see bodies Pompeii? ›

Viewing Ruins

Throughout the ruins, you can see casts of the bodies and other interesting things like graffiti and rudimentary furniture. Though many of the artifacts and casts have been moved to the Museum of Naples, you'll still be able to see some of the remains in the Horrea and the Olitorium in Pompeii.

Is Pompeii volcano still active? ›

It is still an active volcano, being the only estimating one in the entire is of Europe. Of course, Pompeii was not the only city destroyed by the eruption in 79AD.

Where can I watch the last day of dinosaurs? ›

Dinosaurs: The Final Day with David Attenborough, a documentary movie is available to stream now. Watch it on Vudu or Prime Video on your Roku device.

Where can I watch Up Pompeii? ›

Watch Up Pompeii | Prime Video.

Can you watch Remains of the Day on Netflix? ›

Watch all you want. Nominated for eight Oscars. Won Best Actor BAFTA (Anthony Hopkins). Based on Kazuo Ishiguro's Booker Prize-winning novel.

Where can I watch Krakatoa The Last Days? ›

  • Prime Video.
  • Disney+
  • HBO Max.
  • Apple TV+
  • Paramount+
  • All Streaming Services.

What dinosaur is the last on Earth? ›

For now, however, the 65-million-year-old Triceratops is the world's last known surviving dinosaur.

Are water Dinosaurs Alive? ›

There are no known aquatic dinosaurs. It would not be impossible for dinosaurs to evolve to live in water (though being air breathers they would not be able to live permanently deep underwater) just as whales evolved from mammals.

What is the last dinosaur on Earth right now? ›

The Chenanisaurus barbaricus species is said to be one of the last ones to have survived on Earth before an asteroid strike wiped them all out about 66 million years ago.

Is Pompeii movie based on true story? ›

Mount Vesuvius erupted again in 1631, killing at least 3,000 people, and today, more than a million people live in the vicinity of the volcano. Although the movie is fictional, it humanizes the disaster in a way that historical accounts don't, Yeomans said.

Why is Pompeii Rated PG 13? ›

Rating: PG-13, for intense battle sequences, disaster-related action and brief sexual content.

Did Pompeii hit tidal waves? ›

They destroyed all the buildings in their path, incinerating or suffocating the people who hadn't managed to get away. The earthquakes that accompanied the volcanic eruption then caused a mild tsunami (severe tidal wave) in the Bay of Naples. Then suddenly, on the evening of day two, the eruption ended.

What should I watch after 365 Days on Netflix? ›

Keep reading to learn more about 7 movies like 365 Days.
  • '50 Shades of Grey' Photo: Everett Collection. ...
  • 'Pleasure or Pain' Photo: IMDb. ...
  • 'Through My Window' Photo: Netflix. ...
  • 'After' Photo: Everett Collection. ...
  • 'Indiscretion' Photo: IMDb. ...
  • 'Original Sin' ©MGM/Courtesy Everett Collectio. ...
  • 'Addicted' Getty Images.
12 May 2022

Does Netflix have 9 days? ›

Watch all you want. Zazie Beetz ("Deadpool") and Winston Duke ("Black Panther") star in this atmospheric drama.

Does Netflix have dark hour? ›

Unavailable on Basic with ads plan due to licensing restrictions. As the threat of Nazi invasion looms, newly appointed British Prime Minister Winston Churchill rallies a nation to fight for its very survival. Watch all you want.

Is the scream about Krakatoa? ›

Through Munch's journals, topographic analysis, and a connection to the eruption of Krakatoa, proof now exists that the spectacular twilight seen in one of today's most recognizable paintings was inspired by this dramatic event. The Scream (1893) by Edvard Munch.

Is Krakatoa still erupting? ›

Anak Krakatoa (Indonesian: Anak Krakatau) is a volcanic island in Indonesia. On 29 December 1927, Anak Krakatoa first emerged from the caldera formed in 1883 by the explosive volcanic eruption that destroyed the island of Krakatoa.
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Anak Krakatoa
Last eruption24 April 2022 (Ongoing)
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Is Krakatoa a real island? ›

Krakatoa is a small volcanic island in Indonesia, located about 100 miles west of Jakarta. In August 1883, the eruption of the main island of Krakatoa (or Krakatau) killed more than 36,000 people, making it one of the most devastating volcanic eruptions in human history.

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