Postmodernism—for Kids (2022)

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(Video) What is Postmodernism? (See links below for "What is Modernism?" and "What is Postmodernity?")

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    (Video) Postmodernism explained for beginners! Jean Baudrillard Simulacra and Hyperreality explained

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  • Postmodernism—for Kids (3)

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n.textContent=this.options.label,n.className=this.options.textClass||"",e.appendChild(n),e},e}();createCommonjsModule((function(module){(function(){var __webpack_modules__={"./src/index.js":/*!**********************!*\ !*** ./src/index.js ***! \**********************/function(__unused_webpack_module,__unused_webpack_exports,__webpack_require__){eval("var I18n = __webpack_require__(/*! ./lib/I18n */ \"./src/lib/I18n.js\");\n\n(function (win, doc) {\n \"use strict\";\n\n var defaultConfig = {\n uiLang: 'en-US',\n speechLang: 'en-US',\n voiceButton: '#voice-btn',\n searchBox: {\n form: '#sf',\n input: '#yschsp',\n params: {\n fr: '',\n fr2: ''\n }\n },\n enable_voice_trending: false,\n trending: {\n market: \"en-us\"\n },\n ui: {\n speechOverlay: {\n disableBlur: false\n }\n },\n browsers: {\n edge: false\n }\n };\n\n function VoiceSearch(config) {\n var self = this;\n self.config = Object.assign(defaultConfig, config || {});\n self.i18n = new VoiceSearch.I18n({\n lang: self.config.uiLang\n });\n self.renderPermissionGuide(self);\n self.renderSpeechPanel(self);\n self.speechResult = '';\n self.noSpeech = true;\n self.isRecognitionStart = false;\n self.recognition = null;\n self.voiceButton = doc.querySelector(self.config.voiceButton);\n self.searchBoxForm = doc.querySelector(self.config.searchBox.form);\n self.searchBoxQuery = doc.querySelector(self.config.searchBox.input);\n self.speechPanel = doc.querySelector('#spch');\n self.speechButtonContainer = doc.querySelector('#spchbc');\n self.speechButton = doc.querySelector('#spchbc-btn');\n self.speechText = doc.querySelector('#spcht');\n self.speechOverlay = doc.getElementById('spch-overlay');\n self.retryLink = doc.querySelector('#spcht-retry');\n self.trending = doc.getElementById('spch-trending');\n self.trendingTerms = doc.getElementById('trending-terms');\n self.termSpans = doc.getElementsByClassName(\"trending-term\");\n self.closeButton = doc.querySelector('#spchx');\n self.startAudio = new Audio('https://s.yimg.com/pv/static/misc/voice-start-202105050733.wav');\n self.resultAudio = new Audio('https://s.yimg.com/pv/static/misc/voice-result-202105050733.wav');\n self.errorAudio = new Audio('https://s.yimg.com/pv/static/misc/voice-error-202105050733.wav');\n self.closeAudio = new Audio('https://s.yimg.com/pv/static/misc/voice-close-202105050733.wav');\n self.permissionGuide = doc.querySelector('#spchp');\n self.permissionGuideClose = doc.querySelector('#spchpx');\n self.permissionGuideTimer = null;\n\n self.onEscKeyDown = function (e) {\n if (e.code !== 'Escape') {\n return;\n }\n\n self.recognition.stop();\n self.sendBeacon('keybrd', 'voicesearch_cancel_esc'); // The clean up should put inside closePanel() instead of here,\n // or func won't be cleaned up if user close panel with btn or overlay\n\n self.closePanel(self);\n };\n\n if (self.isBrowserSupported()) {\n var SpeechRecognition = win.SpeechRecognition || win.webkitSpeechRecognition;\n var SpeechGrammarList = win.SpeechGrammarList || win.webkitSpeechGrammarList;\n var speechGrammar = '#JSGF V1.0;';\n self.recognition = new SpeechRecognition();\n var speechRecognitionList = new SpeechGrammarList();\n\n if (speechRecognitionList.addFromString) {\n speechRecognitionList.addFromString(speechGrammar, 1);\n }\n\n self.recognition.grammars = speechRecognitionList;\n self.recognition.continuous = false;\n self.recognition.lang = self.config.speechLang;\n self.recognition.interimResults = false;\n self.recognition.maxAlternatives = 1;\n /* Listeners */\n\n if (self.voiceButton) {\n self.voiceButton.onclick = function () {\n self.recognition.start();\n\n if (self.permissionGuideTimer) {\n win.clearTimeout(self.permissionGuideTimer);\n }\n\n self.permissionGuideTimer = win.setTimeout(function () {\n if (!self.isRecognitionStart) {\n self.showPermissionGuide(self);\n }\n }, 300); // Also close when pressing esc\n\n doc.addEventListener('keydown', self.onEscKeyDown);\n self.sendBeacon('clk', 'voicesearch');\n };\n }\n\n if (self.speechButton) {\n self.speechButton.onclick = function () {\n if (!self.isRecognitionStart) {\n self.recognition.start();\n self.sendBeacon('clk', 'voicesearch_panel_mic_restart');\n } else {\n self.recognition.stop();\n self.sendBeacon('clk', 'voicesearch_panel_mic_close');\n self.closePanel(self);\n }\n };\n }\n\n if (self.retryLink) {\n self.retryLink.onclick = function () {\n if (!self.isRecognitionStart) {\n self.recognition.start();\n self.sendBeacon('clk', 'voicesearch_panel_retry');\n }\n };\n }\n\n if (self.speechOverlay) {\n self.speechOverlay.onclick = function () {\n self.recognition.stop();\n self.sendBeacon('clk', 'voicesearch_cancel_outside');\n self.closePanel(self);\n };\n }\n\n if (self.closeButton) {\n self.closeButton.onclick = function\n /*event*/\n () {\n self.recognition.stop();\n self.sendBeacon('clk', 'voicesearch_cancel');\n self.closePanel(self);\n };\n }\n\n if (self.permissionGuideClose) {\n self.permissionGuideClose.onclick = function\n /*event*/\n () {\n self.recognition.stop();\n self.sendBeacon('clk', 'voicesearch_permission_close');\n self.closeAudio.play();\n self.hidePermissionGuide(self);\n };\n }\n /* Recognition Events */\n\n\n self.recognition.onresult = function (event) {\n // The SpeechRecognitionEvent results property returns a SpeechRecognitionResultList object\n // The SpeechRecognitionResultList object contains SpeechRecognitionResult objects.\n // It has a getter so it can be accessed like an array\n // The first [0] returns the SpeechRecognitionResult at the last position.\n // Each SpeechRecognitionResult object contains SpeechRecognitionAlternative objects that contain individual results.\n // These also have getters so they can be accessed like arrays.\n // The second [0] returns the SpeechRecognitionAlternative at position 0.\n // We then return the transcript property of the SpeechRecognitionAlternative object\n // console.log('Confidence: ' + event.results[0][0].confidence);\n self.speechResult = event.results[0][0].transcript;\n /* Punctuation Handling: Check last character and strip it if necessary */\n\n self.handlePunctuation(self);\n\n if (self.speechText) {\n self.speechText.innerText = self.speechResult;\n }\n\n if (self.searchBoxQuery) {\n self.searchBoxQuery.value = self.speechResult;\n }\n\n self.resultAudio.play();\n win.setTimeout(function () {\n if (self.speechPanel) {\n self.speechPanel.classList.remove(\"s2tb\");\n self.speechPanel.classList.add(\"s2tb-h\");\n }\n\n self.hideRetryLink(self);\n\n if (self.searchBoxForm) {\n var inputFr = self.searchBoxForm.querySelector('[name=fr]');\n var inputFr2 = self.searchBoxForm.querySelector('[name=fr2]');\n\n if (inputFr && self.config.searchBox && self.config.searchBox.params && self.config.searchBox.params.fr) {\n inputFr.value = config.searchBox.params.fr;\n inputFr.disabled = false; // for homepage case\n }\n\n if (inputFr2 && self.config.searchBox && self.config.searchBox.params && self.config.searchBox.params.fr2) {\n inputFr2.value = config.searchBox.params.fr2;\n inputFr2.disabled = false; // for homepage case\n }\n\n self.searchBoxForm.submit();\n }\n }, 1000);\n };\n\n self.recognition.onspeechstart = function\n /*event*/\n () {// Fired when speech starts\n };\n\n self.recognition.onspeechend = function () {\n // Fired when speech ends\n self.recognition.stop();\n };\n\n self.recognition.onerror = function\n /*event*/\n () {\n // console.log('Error occurred in recognition: ' + event.error);\n if (self.speechText) {\n self.speechText.innerText = self.i18n.t('search.voice.recognition_error');\n }\n\n self.hideTrending(self);\n self.showRetryLink(self);\n self.errorAudio.play();\n };\n\n self.recognition.onaudiostart = function\n /*event*/\n () {\n // Fired when the user agent has started to capture audio.\n if (self.speechButtonContainer) {\n self.speechButtonContainer.classList.add(\"listening\");\n }\n };\n\n self.recognition.onaudioend = function\n /*event*/\n () {\n // Fired when the user agent has finished capturing audio.\n if (self.speechButtonContainer) {\n self.speechButtonContainer.classList.remove(\"listening\");\n }\n };\n\n self.recognition.onsoundstart = function\n /*event*/\n () {\n // Fired when any sound — recognisable speech or not — has been detected.\n self.hideTrending(self);\n self.noSpeech = false;\n\n if (self.speechButtonContainer) {\n self.speechButtonContainer.classList.remove(\"listening\");\n self.speechButtonContainer.classList.add(\"speaking\");\n }\n };\n\n self.recognition.onsoundend = function\n /*event*/\n () {\n // Fired when no sound present\n if (self.speechButtonContainer) {\n self.speechButtonContainer.classList.remove(\"speaking\");\n }\n };\n\n self.recognition.onstart = function\n /*event*/\n () {\n // Fired when the speech recognition service has begun listening\n self.recognitionInit(self);\n self.startRecognition(self);\n };\n\n self.recognition.onend = function\n /*event*/\n () {\n // Fired when the speech recognition service has disconnected.\n self.isRecognitionStart = false;\n\n if (self.noSpeech == false && self.speechResult == '') {\n // No match: Fired when the speech recognition can't recognise speech\n if (self.speechText) {\n self.speechText.innerText = self.i18n.t('search.voice.recognition_nomatch');\n }\n\n self.hideTrending(self);\n self.showRetryLink(self);\n self.errorAudio.play();\n }\n }; // trigger onReady event when initialized\n\n\n if (document && document.dispatchEvent) {\n document.dispatchEvent(new Event('VOICE_JS_READY'));\n }\n }\n } // static members\n\n\n VoiceSearch.I18n = I18n; // instance members\n\n VoiceSearch.prototype.renderPermissionGuide = function (self) {\n var tmpl = \"\\n

    \\n

    \\n

    \\n

    \\n

    \\n

    \\n

    \\n

    \".concat(self.i18n.t('search.voice.permission_title'), \"

    \\n

    \").concat(self.i18n.t('search.voice.permission_text'), \"

    \\n

    \\n

    (Video) Christian kids should NOT be postmodern.

    \\n

    \\n \");\n var dom = new DOMParser().parseFromString(tmpl, 'text/html');\n document.body.appendChild(dom.body.children[0]);\n };\n\n VoiceSearch.prototype.renderSpeechPanel = function (self) {\n var tmpl = \"\\n

    \\n

    \\n

    \\n

    \\n

    \\n

    \\n \\n \\n \\n \\n \\n \\n

    \\n

    \\n

    \\n \\n \\n \".concat(self.i18n.t('search.voice.recognition_retry'), \"\\n

    \\n

    \\n

    \\n

    \\n

    \\n

    \\n \").concat(self.i18n.t('search.voice.trending_title'), \"\\n \\n

    (Video) Kid Worldview: Postmodernism Video

    \\n

    \\n

    \\n \");\n var dom = new DOMParser().parseFromString(tmpl, 'text/html');\n\n if (self && self.config && self.config.ui && self.config.ui.speechOverlay && self.config.ui.speechOverlay.disableBlur) {\n dom.body.children[0].classList.add('disable-blur-overlay');\n }\n\n document.body.appendChild(dom.body.children[0]);\n };\n\n VoiceSearch.prototype.isBrowserSupported = function () {\n var isSupported = false;\n var self = this;\n var isChromium = Boolean(window.chrome);\n var isIOSChrome = /CriOS/.test(window.navigator.userAgent);\n var isEdge = /Edg\\//.test(window.navigator.userAgent);\n var isLegacyEdge = /Edge\\//.test(window.navigator.userAgent);\n var isOpera = Boolean(window.opr);\n var isBrave = Boolean(window.navigator.brave);\n var browsers = [// chrome\n {\n checkEnabled: function checkEnabled() {\n return true;\n },\n checkBrowser: function checkBrowser() {\n return isChromium && !isIOSChrome && !isEdge && !isOpera && !isBrave;\n },\n checkAPI: function checkAPI() {\n return win && ('SpeechRecognition' in win || 'webkitSpeechRecognition' in win) && ('SpeechGrammarList' in win || 'webkitSpeechGrammarList' in win);\n }\n }, // edge\n {\n checkEnabled: function checkEnabled() {\n return self && self.config && self.config.browsers && self.config.browsers.edge;\n },\n checkBrowser: function checkBrowser() {\n return isChromium && isEdge && !isLegacyEdge;\n },\n checkAPI: function checkAPI() {\n return win && ('SpeechRecognition' in win || 'webkitSpeechRecognition' in win) && ('SpeechGrammarList' in win || 'webkitSpeechGrammarList' in win);\n }\n }];\n\n for (var b = 0; b < browsers.length; b++) {\n var browser = browsers[b];\n\n if (browser && browser.checkBrowser && browser.checkBrowser() && browser.checkEnabled && browser.checkEnabled(self) && browser.checkAPI && browser.checkAPI()) {\n isSupported = true;\n }\n }\n\n return isSupported;\n };\n\n VoiceSearch.prototype.recognitionInit = function (self) {\n // Initialize flags for checking whether user is speaking or not\n self.speechResult = '';\n self.noSpeech = true;\n self.isRecognitionStart = true;\n };\n\n VoiceSearch.prototype.showPermissionGuide = function (self) {\n if (self.permissionGuide) {\n self.permissionGuide.classList.remove(\"hide\");\n }\n };\n\n VoiceSearch.prototype.hidePermissionGuide = function (self) {\n if (self.permissionGuide) {\n self.permissionGuide.classList.add(\"hide\");\n }\n };\n\n VoiceSearch.prototype.getTrending = function (self) {\n // Call api for trending terms\n if (!self.config.enable_voice_trending || !self.trending) {\n return;\n }\n\n var url = \"https://api.search.yahoo.com/data/v3/search?appid=4d234a9d&market=\" + self.config.trending.market + \"&features=trending.voice\";\n self.ajaxReq(url, function (resBody) {\n if (!resBody || !resBody.response || !resBody.response.search || !resBody.response.search.results || !resBody.response.search.results[\"trending.voice\"]) {\n return;\n }\n\n var terms = resBody.response.search.results[\"trending.voice\"].data;\n self.showTrending(self, terms);\n });\n };\n\n VoiceSearch.prototype.showTrending = function (self, terms) {\n // params check\n if (!Array.isArray(terms) || terms.length < 3) {\n return;\n } // DOM check\n\n\n if (!self.trending || !self.termSpans || !self.termSpans[0]) {\n return;\n }\n\n var trendingLabel = '';\n trendingLabel += '\"' + terms[0].text + '\"' + ', ';\n trendingLabel += '\"' + terms[1].text + '\"' + ' ';\n trendingLabel += self.i18n.t('search.voice.trending_or') + ' ';\n trendingLabel += '\"' + terms[2].text + '\"';\n self.termSpans[0].innerText = trendingLabel;\n self.trending.classList.remove(\"hide\");\n };\n\n VoiceSearch.prototype.hideTrending = function (self) {\n if (!self.trending) {\n return;\n }\n\n self.trending.classList.add(\"hide\");\n };\n\n VoiceSearch.prototype.showRetryLink = function (self) {\n if (self.retryLink) {\n self.retryLink.innerText = self.i18n.t('search.voice.recognition_retry');\n self.retryLink.classList.remove(\"hide\");\n }\n };\n\n VoiceSearch.prototype.hideRetryLink = function (self) {\n if (self.retryLink) {\n self.retryLink.classList.add(\"hide\");\n }\n };\n\n VoiceSearch.prototype.startRecognition = function (self) {\n self.hidePermissionGuide(self);\n self.getTrending(self);\n self.startAudio.play();\n\n if (self.speechText) {\n self.speechText.innerText = self.i18n.t('search.voice.recognition_start');\n win.setTimeout(function () {\n self.speechText.innerText = self.i18n.t('search.voice.recognition_listening');\n }, 2000);\n }\n\n if (self.speechPanel) {\n self.speechPanel.classList.remove(\"s2tb-h\");\n self.speechPanel.classList.add(\"s2tb\");\n }\n\n self.hideRetryLink(self);\n };\n\n VoiceSearch.prototype.closePanel = function (self) {\n self.closeAudio.play();\n win.setTimeout(function () {\n if (self.speechPanel) {\n self.speechPanel.classList.remove(\"s2tb\");\n self.speechPanel.classList.add(\"s2tb-h\");\n }\n\n self.hideTrending(self);\n self.hideRetryLink(self); // clean up esc listener\n\n doc.removeEventListener('keydown', self.onEscKeyDown);\n }, 100);\n };\n\n VoiceSearch.prototype.handlePunctuation = function (self) {\n if (self.speechResult.length > 0) {\n var lastChar = self.speechResult.charAt(self.speechResult.length - 1);\n\n if (lastChar === '.' || lastChar === '?' || lastChar === '。' || lastChar === '?') {\n self.speechResult = self.speechResult.slice(0, -1);\n }\n }\n };\n\n VoiceSearch.prototype.sendBeacon = function (actn, slk) {\n var ULT = win.YAHOO.ULT || {},\n SB = win.YAHOO.SB || {};\n\n if (ULT.beacon_click) {\n var trackParams = {\n _S: SB.config.i13n.spaceid,\n _I: SB.config.i13n.pvid,\n actn: actn,\n sec: 'search',\n slk: slk\n };\n win.YAHOO.ULT.beacon_click(trackParams);\n }\n };\n\n VoiceSearch.prototype.ajaxReq = function (url, callback) {\n var DONE_STATE = XMLHttpRequest.DONE || 4; // for IE-compatibility\n\n var xhr = new XMLHttpRequest();\n var responseRaw;\n var response; // CORS request only for IE8/IE9\n\n if (doc.documentMode && doc.documentMode < 10) {\n var xdr = new win.XDomainRequest();\n\n xdr.onload = function () {\n try {\n response = JSON.parse(responseRaw);\n callback(response);\n } catch (err) {\n return;\n }\n };\n\n xhr.open('GET', url);\n xhr.send();\n return;\n } // CORS request for browers newer than IE9\n\n\n xhr.onreadystatechange = function () {\n if (xhr.readyState !== DONE_STATE) {\n return;\n } // handle ajax response\n\n\n switch (xhr.status) {\n case 200:\n responseRaw = xhr.responseText;\n\n try {\n response = JSON.parse(responseRaw);\n callback(response);\n } catch (err) {\n return;\n }\n\n break;\n\n default:\n // non-200 status code: retry or assume failure\n callback(response);\n break;\n }\n };\n\n xhr.open('GET', url, true);\n /* aync request */\n\n xhr.timeout = 10000;\n xhr.send();\n };\n\n if (!win.YAHOO) {\n win.YAHOO = {};\n }\n\n if (!win.YAHOO.Util) {\n win.YAHOO.Util = {};\n }\n\n win.YAHOO.Util.VoiceSearch = VoiceSearch;\n})(window, document);\n\n//# sourceURL=webpack://@vzmi/voicejs/./src/index.js?")},"./src/lib/I18n.js":/*!*************************!*\ !*** ./src/lib/I18n.js ***! \*************************/function(module,__unused_webpack_exports,__webpack_require__){eval("module.exports = function () {\n var LANG_LIST = __webpack_require__(/*! ./lang_list.json */ \"./src/lib/lang_list.json\");\n\n var DEFAULT_LANG = 'default';\n\n var isValidLang = function isValidLang(lang) {\n return LANG_LIST.indexOf(lang) !== -1;\n }; // convert language strings to key-value map\n\n\n var buildStrMap = function buildStrMap(langStrings) {\n return langStrings.reduce(function (strMap, item) {\n strMap[item.id] = item.defaultMessage;\n return strMap;\n }, {});\n };\n\n var I18n = function I18n(options) {\n // initialize\n this.lang = isValidLang(options && options.lang) ? options.lang : DEFAULT_LANG;\n }; // static members\n\n\n I18n.langMap = {};\n I18n.langMap[DEFAULT_LANG] = buildStrMap(__webpack_require__(/*! ../lang/strings.json */ \"./src/lang/strings.json\"));\n\n I18n.setLangMap = function (lang, strings) {\n if (lang && strings) {\n I18n.langMap[lang] = buildStrMap(strings);\n }\n }; // instance members\n\n\n I18n.prototype = {\n t: function t(id) {\n switch (true) {\n // look up target language\n case Boolean(I18n.langMap && I18n.langMap[this.lang] && I18n.langMap[this.lang][id]):\n return I18n.langMap[this.lang][id];\n // fallback to default strings\n\n case Boolean(I18n.langMap && I18n.langMap[DEFAULT_LANG] && I18n.langMap[DEFAULT_LANG][id]):\n return I18n.langMap[DEFAULT_LANG][id];\n\n default:\n return '';\n }\n }\n };\n return I18n;\n}();\n\n//# sourceURL=webpack://@vzmi/voicejs/./src/lib/I18n.js?")},"./node_modules/css-loader/dist/cjs.js!./node_modules/postcss-loader/dist/cjs.js!./src/index.css":/*!*******************************************************************************************************!*\ !*** ./node_modules/css-loader/dist/cjs.js!./node_modules/postcss-loader/dist/cjs.js!./src/index.css ***! \*******************************************************************************************************/function(module,__webpack_exports__,__webpack_require__){eval('__webpack_require__.r(__webpack_exports__);\n/* harmony import */ var _node_modules_css_loader_dist_runtime_api_js__WEBPACK_IMPORTED_MODULE_0__ = __webpack_require__(/*! ../node_modules/css-loader/dist/runtime/api.js */ "./node_modules/css-loader/dist/runtime/api.js");\n/* harmony import */ var _node_modules_css_loader_dist_runtime_api_js__WEBPACK_IMPORTED_MODULE_0___default = /*#__PURE__*/__webpack_require__.n(_node_modules_css_loader_dist_runtime_api_js__WEBPACK_IMPORTED_MODULE_0__);\n// Imports\n\nvar ___CSS_LOADER_EXPORT___ = _node_modules_css_loader_dist_runtime_api_js__WEBPACK_IMPORTED_MODULE_0___default()(function(i){return i[1]});\n// Module\n___CSS_LOADER_EXPORT___.push([module.id, "/* Sprites */\\n#spchp.permission-guide .guide .microphone .sprite,\\n#spchp .close-button,\\n#spch .close-button,\\n#spch .spchc .microphone,\\n#spch .spchc .speaking .microphone {\\n background-image: url(https://s.yimg.com/pv/static/img/voiceSearch1x-1620383531565.min.png);\\n background-repeat: no-repeat;\\n background-size: initial;\\n color: transparent;\\n}\\n/* Retina displays */\\n@media\\n only screen and (-webkit-min-device-pixel-ratio: 2),\\n only screen and (min-device-pixel-ratio: 2),\\n only screen and (min-resolution: 192dpi),\\n only screen and (min-resolution: 2dppx) {\\n#spchp.permission-guide .guide .microphone .sprite,\\n#spchp .close-button,\\n#spch .close-button,\\n#spch .spchc .microphone,\\n#spch .spchc .speaking .microphone {\\n background-size: 41px 330px;\\n background-image: url(https://s.yimg.com/pv/static/img/voiceSearch2x-1620383531565.min.png)\\n}\\n }\\n\\n/* permission guide */\\n#spchp.permission-guide {\\n height: 100%;\\n width: 100%;\\n padding: 0;\\n opacity: 0.9;\\n background-color: #fff;\\n left: 0;\\n overflow: hidden;\\n position: fixed;\\n text-align: left;\\n top: 0;\\n z-index: 10000;\\n transition: visibility 0s linear 0.218s, background-color 0.218s;\\n}\\n#spchp.permission-guide .close-button {\\n background-position: 0 0;\\n width: 24px;\\n height: 24px;\\n border: none;\\n cursor: pointer;\\n right: 0;\\n margin: 20px;\\n padding: 0;\\n position: absolute;\\n top: 0;\\n z-index: 10;\\n opacity: 0.8;\\n }\\n#spchp.permission-guide .close-button:hover {\\n opacity: 1;\\n }\\n#spchp.permission-guide .guide {\\n margin: 191px 0 0 507px;\\n }\\n#spchp.permission-guide .guide .microphone {\\n height: 68px;\\n width: 52px;\\n border-right: 1px solid #232a31;\\n float: left;\\n }\\n#spchp.permission-guide .guide .microphone .sprite {\\n background-position: 0 -105px;\\n width: 28px;\\n height: 28px;\\n }\\n#spchp.permission-guide .guide .guide-text {\\n height: 68px;\\n margin-left: 24px;\\n float: left;\\n }\\n#spchp.permission-guide .guide .guide-text .title {\\n color: #232a31;\\n font-size: 32px;\\n font-family: HelveticaNeue-Bold;\\n line-height: 28px;\\n margin-bottom: 16px;\\n }\\n#spchp.permission-guide .guide .guide-text .text {\\n color: #232a31;\\n font-size: 16px;\\n line-height: 28px;\\n }\\n#spchp.permission-guide.hide {\\n display: none;\\n }\\n\\n/* speech panel */\\n#spch.spch {\\n background: #fff;\\n height: 100%;\\n left: 0;\\n opacity: 0;\\n overflow: hidden;\\n position: fixed;\\n text-align: left;\\n top: 0;\\n visibility: hidden;\\n width: 100%;\\n z-index: 10000;\\n transition: visibility 0s linear 0.218s, background-color 0.218s;\\n}\\n#spch.spch .close-button {\\n background-position: 0 0;\\n width: 24px;\\n height: 24px;\\n border: none;\\n cursor: pointer;\\n right: 0;\\n margin: 20px;\\n padding: 0;\\n position: absolute;\\n top: 0;\\n z-index: 10;\\n opacity: 0.8;\\n }\\n#spch.spch .close-button:hover {\\n opacity: 1;\\n }\\n#spch.spch .spchc {\\n display: block;\\n height: 97px;\\n pointer-events: none;\\n }\\n#spch.spch .spchc .inner-container {\\n width: 100%;\\n height: 100%;\\n opacity: 0.1;\\n pointer-events: none;\\n transition: opacity 0.318s ease-in;\\n }\\n#spch.spch .spchc .inner-container .spch-control {\\n display: inline-block;\\n }\\n#spch.spch .spchc .inner-container .text-container {\\n float: left;\\n height: 91px;\\n overflow: hidden;\\n margin: 3px 0;\\n pointer-events: none;\\n width: calc(50% - 48.5px);\\n }\\n#spch.spch .spchc .inner-container .text-container p {\\n display: table-cell;\\n vertical-align: middle;\\n width: 550px;\\n height: 97px;\\n }\\n#spch.spch .spchc .inner-container .text-container .spcht {\\n font-weight: normal;\\n color: #6e7780;\\n line-height: normal;\\n opacity: 0;\\n pointer-events: none;\\n text-align: left;\\n -webkit-font-smoothing: antialiased;\\n transition: opacity 0.1s ease-in, margin-left 0.5s ease-in, top 0s linear 0.218s;\\n }\\n#spch.spch .spchc .inner-container .text-container .spcht.hide {\\n display: none;\\n }\\n#spch.spch .spchc .inner-container .text-container #spcht-retry {\\n color: #0f69ff;\\n cursor: pointer;\\n pointer-events: auto;\\n }\\n#spch.spch .spchc .inner-container .button-container {\\n pointer-events: none;\\n position: relative;\\n transition: transform 0.218s, opacity 0.218s ease-in;\\n }\\n#spch.spch .spchc .inner-container .button-container .button {\\n background-color: #fff;\\n border: 1px solid #eee;\\n border-radius: 100%;\\n bottom: 0;\\n box-shadow: 0 2px 5px rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.1);\\n cursor: pointer;\\n display: inline-block;\\n left: 0;\\n opacity: 0;\\n pointer-events: none;\\n position: absolute;\\n right: 0;\\n top: 0;\\n transition: background-color 0.218s, border 0.218s, box-shadow 0.218s;\\n }\\n#spch.spch .spchc .inner-container .button-container .button .microphone {\\n background-position: 0 -24px;\\n width: 41px;\\n height: 41px;\\n left: 27px;\\n pointer-events: none;\\n position: absolute;\\n top: 27px;\\n transform: scale(1);\\n }\\n#spch.spch .spchc .inner-container .button-container.listening .ripple {\\n position: absolute;\\n width: 136px;\\n height: 136px;\\n z-index: -1;\\n left: 50%;\\n top: 50%;\\n opacity: 0;\\n margin: -70px 0 0 -70px;\\n border-radius: 100px;\\n -webkit-animation: ripple 3.3s infinite;\\n animation: ripple 3.3s infinite;\\n background-color: #fff !important;\\n border: 2px solid #e0e4e9;\\n }\\n#spch.spch .spchc .inner-container .button-container.listening .ripple:nth-child(2) {\\n -webkit-animation-delay: 1.1s;\\n animation-delay: 1.1s;\\n }\\n#spch.spch .spchc .inner-container .button-container.listening .ripple:nth-child(3) {\\n -webkit-animation-delay: 2.2s;\\n animation-delay: 2.2s;\\n }\\n#spch.spch .spchc .inner-container .button-container.speaking .button {\\n background-color: #0f69ff;\\n }\\n#spch.spch .spchc .inner-container .button-container.speaking .button .microphone {\\n background-position: 0 -65px;\\n width: 40px;\\n height: 40px;\\n pointer-events: none;\\n position: absolute;\\n transform: scale(1);\\n }\\n#spch.spch .spchc .inner-container .button-container.speaking .ripple {\\n background-size: 114px;\\n position: absolute;\\n width: 114px;\\n height: 114px;\\n z-index: -1;\\n left: 50%;\\n top: 50%;\\n margin: -57px 0 0 -57px;\\n -webkit-animation: speakingRipple1 2s infinite;\\n animation: speakingRipple1 2s infinite;\\n }\\n#spch.spch .spchc .inner-container .button-container.speaking .ripple:nth-child(2) {\\n background-size: 123px;\\n width: 123px;\\n height: 123px;\\n margin: -62px 0 0 -62px;\\n -webkit-animation: speakingRipple2 2s infinite;\\n animation: speakingRipple2 2s infinite;\\n }\\n#spch.spch .spchc .inner-container .button-container.speaking .ripple:nth-child(3) {\\n background-size: 136px;\\n width: 136px;\\n height: 136px;\\n margin: -68px 0 0 -68px;\\n -webkit-animation: speakingRipple3 2s infinite;\\n animation: speakingRipple3 2s infinite;\\n }\\n#spch.spch .spcho {\\n background-image: linear-gradient(to bottom, rgb(255, 255, 255) 50%, rgba(255, 255, 255, 0) 99%);\\n display: block;\\n min-width: 100%;\\n text-align: center;\\n top: 145px;\\n padding-bottom: 71px;\\n pointer-events: auto;\\n }\\n#spch.spch .spcho #spch-trending {\\n -webkit-animation: fadeIn 1s forwards;\\n animation: fadeIn 1s forwards;\\n opacity: 0;\\n }\\n#spch.spch .spcho #spch-trending .trending {\\n color: #6e7780;\\n display: inline-block;\\n font-size: 16px;\\n }\\n#spch.spch .spcho #spch-trending #trending-label {\\n font-weight: bold;\\n margin: 5px 5px;\\n }\\n#spch.spch .spcho #spch-trending.hide {\\n display: none;\\n }\\n#spch.spch.s2tb .spchc, #spch.spch.s2tb-h .spchc {\\n background: #fff;\\n box-sizing: border-box;\\n box-shadow: 0 2px 6px rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.2);\\n height: auto;\\n margin: 0;\\n min-width: 100%;\\n overflow: hidden;\\n padding: 24px 115px;\\n }\\n#spch.spch.s2tb .spchc .inner-container, #spch.spch.s2tb-h .spchc .inner-container {\\n opacity: 1;\\n transition: opacity 0.318s ease-in;\\n }\\n#spch.spch.s2tb .spchc .inner-container .text-container, #spch.spch.s2tb-h .spchc .inner-container .text-container {\\n position: relative;\\n }\\n#spch.spch.s2tb {\\n background: rgba(255, 255, 255, 0);\\n opacity: 1;\\n visibility: visible;\\n transition-delay: 0s;\\n }\\n#spch.spch.s2tb .spchc .inner-container .button-container {\\n transform: scale(1);\\n height: 97px;\\n right: 0;\\n top: 0;\\n width: 97px;\\n }\\n#spch.spch.s2tb .spchc .inner-container .button-container .button {\\n opacity: 1;\\n pointer-events: auto;\\n position: absolute;\\n transform: scale(1);\\n transition-delay: 0;\\n }\\n#spch.spch.s2tb .spchc .inner-container .text-container .spcht {\\n font-size: 24px;\\n margin-left: 0;\\n opacity: 1;\\n transition: opacity 0.5s ease-out, margin-left 0.5s ease-out;\\n }\\n#spch.spch.s2tb #spch-overlay {\\n -webkit-backdrop-filter: blur(10px);\\n backdrop-filter: blur(10px);\\n background-color: #fff;\\n height: 100%;\\n opacity: 0.9;\\n position: absolute;\\n top: 149px;\\n\\n /* spchc\'s height */\\n width: 100%;\\n }\\n#spch.spch.disable-blur-overlay #spch-overlay {\\n background-color: transparent;\\n -webkit-backdrop-filter: none;\\n backdrop-filter: none;\\n }\\n#spch.spch.disable-blur-overlay .spcho {\\n height: 27px;\\n padding-bottom: 20px;\\n background: #fff;\\n background-image: none;\\n box-shadow: 0 8px 6px -6px rgb(0 0 0 / 20%);\\n }\\n#spch.spch.s2tb-h {\\n background: rgba(255, 255, 255, 0);\\n opacity: 0;\\n visibility: hidden;\\n }\\n\\n@-webkit-keyframes fadeIn {\\n 0% {\\n opacity: 0;\\n }\\n\\n 100% {\\n opacity: 1;\\n }\\n}\\n\\n@keyframes fadeIn {\\n 0% {\\n opacity: 0;\\n }\\n\\n 100% {\\n opacity: 1;\\n }\\n}\\n\\n@-webkit-keyframes ripple {\\n 0% {\\n opacity: 1;\\n transform: scale(0.7);\\n }\\n\\n 100% {\\n opacity: 0;\\n transform: scale(1);\\n }\\n}\\n\\n@keyframes ripple {\\n 0% {\\n opacity: 1;\\n transform: scale(0.7);\\n }\\n\\n 100% {\\n opacity: 0;\\n transform: scale(1);\\n }\\n}\\n\\n@-webkit-keyframes speakingRipple1 {\\n 0%,\\n 100% {\\n background-image: url(\\"https://s.yimg.com/pv/static/img/ripple1-1-202105260611.png\\");\\n }\\n\\n 25%,\\n 75% {\\n background-image: url(\\"https://s.yimg.com/pv/static/img/ripple1-2-202105260611.png\\");\\n transform: scale(1.1);\\n }\\n\\n 50% {\\n background-image: url(\\"https://s.yimg.com/pv/static/img/ripple1-3-202105260611.png\\");\\n transform: scale(0.9);\\n }\\n}\\n\\n@keyframes speakingRipple1 {\\n 0%,\\n 100% {\\n background-image: url(\\"https://s.yimg.com/pv/static/img/ripple1-1-202105260611.png\\");\\n }\\n\\n 25%,\\n 75% {\\n background-image: url(\\"https://s.yimg.com/pv/static/img/ripple1-2-202105260611.png\\");\\n transform: scale(1.1);\\n }\\n\\n 50% {\\n background-image: url(\\"https://s.yimg.com/pv/static/img/ripple1-3-202105260611.png\\");\\n transform: scale(0.9);\\n }\\n}\\n\\n@-webkit-keyframes speakingRipple2 {\\n 0%,\\n 100% {\\n background-image: none;\\n }\\n\\n 25%,\\n 75% {\\n background-image: url(\\"https://s.yimg.com/pv/static/img/ripple2-2-202105260611.png\\");\\n transform: scale(1.1);\\n }\\n\\n 50% {\\n background-image: url(\\"https://s.yimg.com/pv/static/img/ripple2-3-202105260611.png\\");\\n transform: scale(0.9);\\n }\\n}\\n\\n@keyframes speakingRipple2 {\\n 0%,\\n 100% {\\n background-image: none;\\n }\\n\\n 25%,\\n 75% {\\n background-image: url(\\"https://s.yimg.com/pv/static/img/ripple2-2-202105260611.png\\");\\n transform: scale(1.1);\\n }\\n\\n 50% {\\n background-image: url(\\"https://s.yimg.com/pv/static/img/ripple2-3-202105260611.png\\");\\n transform: scale(0.9);\\n }\\n}\\n\\n@-webkit-keyframes speakingRipple3 {\\n 0%,\\n 25%,\\n 75%,\\n 100% {\\n background-image: none;\\n }\\n\\n 50% {\\n background-image: url(\\"https://s.yimg.com/pv/static/img/ripple3-3-202105260611.png\\");\\n transform: scale(0.9);\\n }\\n}\\n\\n@keyframes speakingRipple3 {\\n 0%,\\n 25%,\\n 75%,\\n 100% {\\n background-image: none;\\n }\\n\\n 50% {\\n background-image: url(\\"https://s.yimg.com/pv/static/img/ripple3-3-202105260611.png\\");\\n transform: scale(0.9);\\n }\\n}\\n", ""]);\n// Exports\n/* harmony default export */ __webpack_exports__["default"] = (___CSS_LOADER_EXPORT___);\n\n\n//# sourceURL=webpack://@vzmi/voicejs/./src/index.css?./node_modules/css-loader/dist/cjs.js!./node_modules/postcss-loader/dist/cjs.js')},"./node_modules/css-loader/dist/runtime/api.js":/*!*****************************************************!*\ !*** ./node_modules/css-loader/dist/runtime/api.js ***! \*****************************************************/function(module){eval('\n\n/*\n MIT License http://www.opensource.org/licenses/mit-license.php\n Author Tobias Koppers @sokra\n*/\n// css base code, injected by the css-loader\n// eslint-disable-next-line func-names\nmodule.exports = function (cssWithMappingToString) {\n var list = []; // return the list of modules as css string\n\n list.toString = function toString() {\n return this.map(function (item) {\n var content = cssWithMappingToString(item);\n\n if (item[2]) {\n return "@media ".concat(item[2], " {").concat(content, "}");\n }\n\n return content;\n }).join("");\n }; // import a list of modules into the list\n // eslint-disable-next-line func-names\n\n\n list.i = function (modules, mediaQuery, dedupe) {\n if (typeof modules === "string") {\n // eslint-disable-next-line no-param-reassign\n modules = [[null, modules, ""]];\n }\n\n var alreadyImportedModules = {};\n\n if (dedupe) {\n for (var i = 0; i < this.length; i++) {\n // eslint-disable-next-line prefer-destructuring\n var id = this[i][0];\n\n if (id != null) {\n alreadyImportedModules[id] = true;\n }\n }\n }\n\n for (var _i = 0; _i < modules.length; _i++) {\n var item = [].concat(modules[_i]);\n\n if (dedupe && alreadyImportedModules[item[0]]) {\n // eslint-disable-next-line no-continue\n continue;\n }\n\n if (mediaQuery) {\n if (!item[2]) {\n item[2] = mediaQuery;\n } else {\n item[2] = "".concat(mediaQuery, " and ").concat(item[2]);\n }\n }\n\n list.push(item);\n }\n };\n\n return list;\n};\n\n//# sourceURL=webpack://@vzmi/voicejs/./node_modules/css-loader/dist/runtime/api.js?')},"./src/index.css":/*!***********************!*\ !*** ./src/index.css ***! \***********************/function(module,__unused_webpack_exports,__webpack_require__){eval('var api = __webpack_require__(/*! !../node_modules/style-loader/dist/runtime/injectStylesIntoStyleTag.js */ "./node_modules/style-loader/dist/runtime/injectStylesIntoStyleTag.js");\n var content = __webpack_require__(/*! !!../node_modules/css-loader/dist/cjs.js!../node_modules/postcss-loader/dist/cjs.js!./index.css */ "./node_modules/css-loader/dist/cjs.js!./node_modules/postcss-loader/dist/cjs.js!./src/index.css");\n\n content = content.__esModule ? content.default : content;\n\n if (typeof content === \'string\') {\n content = [[module.id, content, \'\']];\n }\n\nvar options = {};\n\noptions.insert = "head";\noptions.singleton = false;\n\nvar update = api(content, options);\n\n\n\nmodule.exports = content.locals || {};\n\n//# sourceURL=webpack://@vzmi/voicejs/./src/index.css?')},"./node_modules/style-loader/dist/runtime/injectStylesIntoStyleTag.js":/*!****************************************************************************!*\ !*** ./node_modules/style-loader/dist/runtime/injectStylesIntoStyleTag.js ***! \****************************************************************************/function(module,__unused_webpack_exports,__webpack_require__){eval("\n\nvar isOldIE = function isOldIE() {\n var memo;\n return function memorize() {\n if (typeof memo === 'undefined') {\n // Test for IE <= 9 as proposed by Browserhacks\n // @see http://browserhacks.com/#hack-e71d8692f65334173fee715c222cb805\n // Tests for existence of standard globals is to allow style-loader\n // to operate correctly into non-standard environments\n // @see https://github.com/webpack-contrib/style-loader/issues/177\n memo = Boolean(window && document && document.all && !window.atob);\n }\n\n return memo;\n };\n}();\n\nvar getTarget = function getTarget() {\n var memo = {};\n return function memorize(target) {\n if (typeof memo[target] === 'undefined') {\n var styleTarget = document.querySelector(target); // Special case to return head of iframe instead of iframe itself\n\n if (window.HTMLIFrameElement && styleTarget instanceof window.HTMLIFrameElement) {\n try {\n // This will throw an exception if access to iframe is blocked\n // due to cross-origin restrictions\n styleTarget = styleTarget.contentDocument.head;\n } catch (e) {\n // istanbul ignore next\n styleTarget = null;\n }\n }\n\n memo[target] = styleTarget;\n }\n\n return memo[target];\n };\n}();\n\nvar stylesInDom = [];\n\nfunction getIndexByIdentifier(identifier) {\n var result = -1;\n\n for (var i = 0; i < stylesInDom.length; i++) {\n if (stylesInDom[i].identifier === identifier) {\n result = i;\n break;\n }\n }\n\n return result;\n}\n\nfunction modulesToDom(list, options) {\n var idCountMap = {};\n var identifiers = [];\n\n for (var i = 0; i < list.length; i++) {\n var item = list[i];\n var id = options.base ? item[0] + options.base : item[0];\n var count = idCountMap[id] || 0;\n var identifier = \"\".concat(id, \" \").concat(count);\n idCountMap[id] = count + 1;\n var index = getIndexByIdentifier(identifier);\n var obj = {\n css: item[1],\n media: item[2],\n sourceMap: item[3]\n };\n\n if (index !== -1) {\n stylesInDom[index].references++;\n stylesInDom[index].updater(obj);\n } else {\n stylesInDom.push({\n identifier: identifier,\n updater: addStyle(obj, options),\n references: 1\n });\n }\n\n identifiers.push(identifier);\n }\n\n return identifiers;\n}\n\nfunction insertStyleElement(options) {\n var style = document.createElement('style');\n var attributes = options.attributes || {};\n\n if (typeof attributes.nonce === 'undefined') {\n var nonce = true ? __webpack_require__.nc : 0;\n\n if (nonce) {\n attributes.nonce = nonce;\n }\n }\n\n Object.keys(attributes).forEach(function (key) {\n style.setAttribute(key, attributes[key]);\n });\n\n if (typeof options.insert === 'function') {\n options.insert(style);\n } else {\n var target = getTarget(options.insert || 'head');\n\n if (!target) {\n throw new Error(\"Couldn't find a style target. This probably means that the value for the 'insert' parameter is invalid.\");\n }\n\n target.appendChild(style);\n }\n\n return style;\n}\n\nfunction removeStyleElement(style) {\n // istanbul ignore if\n if (style.parentNode === null) {\n return false;\n }\n\n style.parentNode.removeChild(style);\n}\n/* istanbul ignore next */\n\n\nvar replaceText = function replaceText() {\n var textStore = [];\n return function replace(index, replacement) {\n textStore[index] = replacement;\n return textStore.filter(Boolean).join('\\n');\n };\n}();\n\nfunction applyToSingletonTag(style, index, remove, obj) {\n var css = remove ? '' : obj.media ? \"@media \".concat(obj.media, \" {\").concat(obj.css, \"}\") : obj.css; // For old IE\n\n /* istanbul ignore if */\n\n if (style.styleSheet) {\n style.styleSheet.cssText = replaceText(index, css);\n } else {\n var cssNode = document.createTextNode(css);\n var childNodes = style.childNodes;\n\n if (childNodes[index]) {\n style.removeChild(childNodes[index]);\n }\n\n if (childNodes.length) {\n style.insertBefore(cssNode, childNodes[index]);\n } else {\n style.appendChild(cssNode);\n }\n }\n}\n\nfunction applyToTag(style, options, obj) {\n var css = obj.css;\n var media = obj.media;\n var sourceMap = obj.sourceMap;\n\n if (media) {\n style.setAttribute('media', media);\n } else {\n style.removeAttribute('media');\n }\n\n if (sourceMap && typeof btoa !== 'undefined') {\n css += \"\\n/*# sourceMappingURL=data:application/json;base64,\".concat(btoa(unescape(encodeURIComponent(JSON.stringify(sourceMap)))), \" */\");\n } // For old IE\n\n /* istanbul ignore if */\n\n\n if (style.styleSheet) {\n style.styleSheet.cssText = css;\n } else {\n while (style.firstChild) {\n style.removeChild(style.firstChild);\n }\n\n style.appendChild(document.createTextNode(css));\n }\n}\n\nvar singleton = null;\nvar singletonCounter = 0;\n\nfunction addStyle(obj, options) {\n var style;\n var update;\n var remove;\n\n if (options.singleton) {\n var styleIndex = singletonCounter++;\n style = singleton || (singleton = insertStyleElement(options));\n update = applyToSingletonTag.bind(null, style, styleIndex, false);\n remove = applyToSingletonTag.bind(null, style, styleIndex, true);\n } else {\n style = insertStyleElement(options);\n update = applyToTag.bind(null, style, options);\n\n remove = function remove() {\n removeStyleElement(style);\n };\n }\n\n update(obj);\n return function updateStyle(newObj) {\n if (newObj) {\n if (newObj.css === obj.css && newObj.media === obj.media && newObj.sourceMap === obj.sourceMap) {\n return;\n }\n\n update(obj = newObj);\n } else {\n remove();\n }\n };\n}\n\nmodule.exports = function (list, options) {\n options = options || {}; // Force single-tag solution on IE6-9, which has a hard limit on the # of

    FAQs

    What does postmodernism mean in simple terms? ›

    A general and wide-ranging term which is applied to literature, art, philosophy, architecture, fiction, and cultural and literary criticism, among others. Postmodernism is largely a reaction to the assumed certainty of scientific, or objective, efforts to explain reality.

    What is postmodernism in early childhood? ›

    Post modernism refers to the time period we are in now, in which dominant truths are being questioned. The post modern way of thinking suggests that theories are socially constructed therefore, what we already know is not universally true and that there maybe multiple truths that exist.

    What are the 3 critiques of postmodernism? ›

    Criticism of more artistic post-modern movement such as post-modern art or literature may include objections to a departure from beauty, lack of coherence or comprehensibility, deviating from clear structure and the consistent use of dark and negative themes.

    What are 3 characteristics of postmodernism? ›

    Its main characteristics include anti-authoritarianism, or refusal to recognize the authority of any single style or definition of what art should be; and the collapsing of the distinction between high culture and mass or popular culture, and between art and everyday life.

    What is the main idea of postmodernism? ›

    Many postmodernists hold one or more of the following views: (1) there is no objective reality; (2) there is no scientific or historical truth (objective truth); (3) science and technology (and even reason and logic) are not vehicles of human progress but suspect instruments of established power; (4) reason and logic ...

    What is postmodernism with example? ›

    Postmodern movies aim to subvert highly-regarded expectations, which can be in the form of blending genres or messing with the narrative nature of a film. For example, Pulp Fiction is a Postmodern film for the way it tells the story out of the ordinary, upending our expectations of film structure.

    Where is the postmodern child in early childhood education? ›

    Within early years education research there is a lack of research that focuses on the child and that constructs the child as co‐constructor of knowledge, culture and identity.

    What is postmodernism in philosophy of education? ›

    Regarding postmodernist, the aims of education are teaching critical thinking, production of knowledge, development of individual and social identity, self creation. In postmodern education teachers just lead students to discover new things.

    Who is the father of early childhood education? ›

    Jean Piaget's constructivist theory gained influence in the 1970s and '80s. Although Piaget himself was primarily interested in a descriptive psychology of cognitive development, he also laid the groundwork for a constructivist theory of learning.

    What is a disadvantage of postmodernism? ›

    Postmodernism had flaws from the beginning (as do all aesthetic theories.) For one thing, conceptions of “high and low” culture (and music) are not very descriptive. They are vague, create confusion, and provoke unnecessary ideological tension.

    Why is postmodernism hard to define? ›

    Postmodernism is hard to define, because it is a concept that appears in a wide variety of disciplines or areas of study, including art, architecture, music, film, literature, sociology, communications, fashion, and technology.

    Is postmodernism still relevant today? ›

    Indeed in the previous decades before us, postmodernism was in vogue in the academic settings of our country and in the Western world. It's not necessarily that way today. You still find it in literary departments. You still find it, unfortunately, sometimes in theology departments.

    What influenced postmodernism? ›

    Modernist artists experimented with form, technique and processes rather than focusing on subjects, believing they could find a way of purely reflecting the modern world. While modernism was based on idealism and reason, postmodernism was born of scepticism and a suspicion of reason.

    What is postmodernism culture? ›

    Postmodernism is best understood as a questioning of the ideas and values associated with a form of modernism that believes in progress and innovation. Modernism insists on a clear divide between art and popular culture. But like modernism, postmodernism does not designate any one style of art or culture.

    Who created postmodernism? ›

    “Postmodernism” was a term coined by Arnold Toynbee (1889-1975) early in the century to refer to the last quarter of the 19th century, a time where capitalism and imperialism and Western civilization in general began to decline.

    What are the benefits of postmodernism in education? ›

    A few examples of some of the ways education could be said to have responded postmodernisation include:
    • Schools are more 'consumerist' and provide more individual choice. ...
    • Education has become more individualized. ...
    • Education is more diverse. ...
    • Increasing Fragmentation. ...
    • Education is more 'Hyperreal'
    25 Sept 2019

    When did postmodernism begin and end? ›

    Postmodernism is one of the most controversial movements in art and design history. Over two decades, from about 1970 to 1990, Postmodernism shattered established ideas about art and design, bringing a new self-awareness about style itself.

    What are the pros of postmodernism? ›

    Postmodernism in sociology: strengths

    Postmodernism recognises the fluidity of current society and the changing relevance of the media, power structures, globalisation, and other social changes. It challenges some assumptions we make as a society. This may make sociologists approach research differently.

    What is another word for postmodernism? ›

    In this page you can discover 16 synonyms, antonyms, idiomatic expressions, and related words for postmodernism, like: post-modernism, post-structuralism, postmodernity, poststructuralism, postmodern, postmodernist, modernism, structuralism, primitivism, and relativism.

    How does postmodernism affect us today? ›

    Postmodernism affects views and lifestyles, which in turn affects the young adult's performance of roles and his interactions within all his different social systems. A strong attachment to family and home, as well as the importance of roles as sons/daughters were found.

    What is post Modern children's literature? ›

    Narratively, postmodern children's literature is often described as non-linear, with several seemingly dis- connected threads of text or stories with ambiguous plot lines that invite the reader to be the co-author.

    What do postmodernists believe about the family? ›

    Postmodernists argue that recent social changes such as increasing social fragmentation and diversity have made family more a matter of personal choice and as a result families have become more unstable and more diverse.

    Is postmodernism subjective or objective? ›

    Postmodernism argues that people are fundamentally subjective because their unique beliefs and values alter the way they organize factual data. Thus, the narratives they construct around data will also be subjective. However, it doesn't follow that postmodernism cannot distinguish between narratives.

    What are the challenges of post modernism? ›

    Displaying incredulity toward grand narratives, postmodernism not only questions but also challenges modernism's claims to universal reason, objectivity, neutrality, superiority of science, and the belief in progressive emancipation or human betterment through its anti-essentialist and anti-foundationalist character.

    Is postmodernism a school of thought? ›

    Postmodernism describes the school of thought arising mainly from oppositional and radical movements in contemporary society. The advent of the Industrial Revolution brought about major societal changes, as well as several social inequalities that were previously unheard of.

    Who is the father of kindergarten? ›

    This month's theorist is Friedrich Froebel, also known as the 'father' of kindergarten. Friedrich Froebel was a German educator who was responsible for the invention of Kindergarten.

    What is John Dewey's theory? ›

    The John Dewey theory recommends an interdisciplinary curriculum, or a curriculum that focuses on connecting multiple subjects where students can freely walk in and out of classrooms. In this way, they pursue their own interests, and build their own method for acquiring and applying specific knowledge.

    Who influenced education the most? ›

    Here are five men and one woman whose work has positively impacted education and changed how educators do things for the better.
    1. Ivan Pavlov. Ivan Pavlov was a Russian psychologist. ...
    2. Jean Piaget. ...
    3. Maria Montessori. ...
    4. B. F. ...
    5. John Locke. ...
    6. Albert Bandura.
    28 Sept 2020

    What is a postmodern society? ›

    In philosophy and critical theory postmodernity refers to the state or condition of society which is said to exist after modernity, a historical condition that marks the reasons for the end of modernity.

    Is postmodernism a micro theory? ›

    Section 2: A brief history of postmodernism

    Therefore the modern types of theory are no longer necessary. Therefore postmodernism cannot be labelled as structural/agency, micro/macro, conflict/consensus, since all of these labels are considered to be linked to ideas of modernity.

    What is postmodern leadership? ›

    Postmodern leaders are bold, cooperative, creative, and enjoy developing their teams. They value the contributions all team members make toward positive outcomes. Postmodern Values.

    What are 5 characteristics of postmodernism? ›

    Thus, the postmodern outlook is characterized by self-referentiality, epistemological relativism, moral relativism, pluralism, irony, irreverence, and eclecticism; it rejects the "universal validity" of binary oppositions, stable identity, hierarchy, and categorization.

    Is the 21st century postmodern? ›

    In contrast, the '21st century' is a postmodern period – the 'post', in this sense, means 'after' modernity.

    Is postmodernism a philosophy? ›

    Postmodern philosophy is a philosophical movement that arose in the second half of the 20th century as a critical response to assumptions allegedly present in modernist philosophical ideas regarding culture, identity, history, or language that were developed during the 18th-century Enlightenment.

    What will replace postmodernism? ›

    Metamodernism is the cultural code that comes after postmodernism.

    Are we in the modern or postmodern era? ›

    While the modern movement lasted 50 years, we have been in Postmodernism for at least 46 years. Most of the postmodern thinkers have passed away, and the "star system" architects are at retirement age. So far, we have not seen thoughts or ideas that announce a change, neither in architecture nor in culture.

    What is the difference between postmodern and modern? ›

    “Modern” and “post-modern” were terms that were developed in the 20th century. “Modern” is the term that describes the period from the 1890s to 1945, and “post-modern” refers to the period after the Second World War, mainly after 1968.

    How did postmodernism come about? ›

    Post-modernism, as it appeared in the 1970s, is often linked with the philosophical movement Poststructuralism, in which philosophers such as Jacques Derrida proposed that structures within a culture were artificial and could be deconstructed in order to be analyzed.

    What events led to postmodernism? ›

    As implied by its name, the Postmodernist period occurred directly after the Modernist period. Events that inspired this movement were the end of World War II, the Korean War, Vietnam War, the Cold War, and the Civil Rights movement. Postmodernism works were characterized by multiple qualities.

    Which phrase best describes a quality of postmodernism? ›

    Which phrase best describes a quality of Postmodernism? Blurring fact and fiction to find an underlying truth.

    What is an example of postmodern culture? ›

    Perhaps his best-known example of the postmodern culture of pastiche is what he calls the 'nostalgia film'. The category could include a number of films from the 1980s and 1990s: Back to the Future I and II, Peggy Sue Got Married, Rumble Fish, Angel Heart, Blue Velvet.

    When was post modern age began? ›

    While the exact definition and dates of the Postmodern Age are still being debated by cultural theorists and philosophers, the general consensus is that the Postmodern Age began during the second half of the 20th century and was marked by skepticism, self-consciousness, celebration of difference, and the reappraisal of ...

    When was the term postmodern first used? ›

    The term “postmodernism” first entered the philosophical lexicon in 1979, with the publication of The Postmodern Condition by Jean-François Lyotard.

    What is postmodernism literary theory? ›

    June 2021. Postmodern literature is a form of literature that is characterized by the use of metafiction, unreliable narration, self-reflexivity, intertextuality, and which often thematizes both historical and political issues.

    What are the 5 characteristics of postmodernism? ›

    5 Characteristics of Postmodern Literature
    • Embrace of randomness. Postmodern works reject the idea of absolute meaning and instead embrace randomness and disorder. ...
    • Playfulness. ...
    • Fragmentation. ...
    • Metafiction. ...
    • Intertextuality.
    7 Jun 2021

    What is the difference between modernism and postmodernism? ›

    The main difference between modernism and postmodernism is that modernism is characterized by the radical break from the traditional forms of prose and verse whereas postmodernism is characterized by the self-conscious use of earlier styles and conventions.

    What is a post modern society? ›

    Postmodernity (post-modernity or the postmodern condition) is the economic or cultural state or condition of society which is said to exist after modernity.

    Which phrase best describes a quality of postmodernism? ›

    Which phrase best describes a quality of Postmodernism? Blurring fact and fiction to find an underlying truth.

    What influenced postmodernism? ›

    Modernist artists experimented with form, technique and processes rather than focusing on subjects, believing they could find a way of purely reflecting the modern world. While modernism was based on idealism and reason, postmodernism was born of scepticism and a suspicion of reason.

    Is postmodernism still relevant today? ›

    Indeed in the previous decades before us, postmodernism was in vogue in the academic settings of our country and in the Western world. It's not necessarily that way today. You still find it in literary departments. You still find it, unfortunately, sometimes in theology departments.

    Who created postmodernism? ›

    “Postmodernism” was a term coined by Arnold Toynbee (1889-1975) early in the century to refer to the last quarter of the 19th century, a time where capitalism and imperialism and Western civilization in general began to decline.

    When did postmodernism begin and end? ›

    Postmodernism is one of the most controversial movements in art and design history. Over two decades, from about 1970 to 1990, Postmodernism shattered established ideas about art and design, bringing a new self-awareness about style itself.

    What era are we in postmodern? ›

    Stretching from the late 19th century to the middle of the 20th century, Modernism reached its peak in the 1960s; Post-modernism describes the period that followed during the 1960s and 1970s.

    What is a post modern children's literature? ›

    Narratively, postmodern children's literature is often described as non-linear, with several seemingly dis- connected threads of text or stories with ambiguous plot lines that invite the reader to be the co-author.

    What is another word for postmodernism? ›

    In this page you can discover 16 synonyms, antonyms, idiomatic expressions, and related words for postmodernism, like: post-modernism, post-structuralism, postmodernity, poststructuralism, postmodern, postmodernist, modernism, structuralism, primitivism, and relativism.

    What are the advantages of postmodernism? ›

    Advantages. Postmodernism has tried to interpret the new social and cultural changes such as the opening up of the Eastern Bloc. It has attempted to analyse the growing impact of mass media on society. It has challenged the absolutist positions of teh old metanarrative: Functionalism, Marxism etc.

    What is an example of postmodern culture? ›

    Perhaps his best-known example of the postmodern culture of pastiche is what he calls the 'nostalgia film'. The category could include a number of films from the 1980s and 1990s: Back to the Future I and II, Peggy Sue Got Married, Rumble Fish, Angel Heart, Blue Velvet.

    What is the origin of postmodernism? ›

    Initially emerging from a mode of literary criticism, postmodernism developed in the mid-twentieth century as a rejection of modernism and has been observed across many disciplines. Postmodernism is associated with the disciplines deconstruction and post-structuralism.

    What are postmodernists interested in? ›

    Postmodernism is a philosophical movement that began in the late 1970s. The postmodernist philosophy rejects traditional concepts of logic, objective truth, and human nature. Postmodernists believe that there are no universal truths or objective realities and all meaning is constructed by each individual.

    What is meant by postmodernism in art? ›

    What Is Postmodern Art? Postmodern art rejected the traditional values of modernism, and instead embraced experimentation with new media and art forms including intermedia, installation art, conceptual art, multimedia, performance art, and identity politics.

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